Changing tires is not that difficult, you can do it easily by yourself and save the trouble of going to a garage if you follow the instructions below.
Doesn't matter whether if you are in the middle of tires emergency or merely want to mount the new tires up, you don't want to end up dragging out the toolbox and get panics about knowing not what to do. Here's how you can do it properly!
First thing first, you need to be sure that the vehicle is secured. To do this, park the vehicle so that it does not pose a risk to other road users.
One should also not forget to set up the warning triangle. Otherwise, the procedure for changing tires is the same as for changing the tires for seasonal reasons.
After doing these preparations, we can start to repair car tires!
First you apply the car's handbrake and engage first gear so that the car cannot roll away. The car should stand on a level and firm surface so that it does not slip off the jack when jacking up later.
Then it is important to loosen the wheel nuts crosswise with a wheel hub. Only then is the vehicle jacked up. For this purpose, one should note the mounting points specified by the manufacturer for the jack on the sill.
Then the car is jacked up so far that the tire to be changed no longer touches the ground. The best thing is two to three centimeters of ground clearance.
Now you can continue to unscrew the wheel bolts. When unscrewing the last wheel nut, make sure that the wheel does not fall off. The wheel can now be removed carefully. Then you should clean it of dirt and mark it with chalk to keep the position of the wheel on the vehicle for the next change.
Before putting on the new wheel, you should make sure that there is no rust or other foreign matter on the wheel hub. These residues can be easily removed beforehand with a wire brush. In order not to have any problems removing the wheels the next time you change the tires, it is also advisable to lubricate the wheel hub with a little copper paste (possibly also moisten the bolts a little with it).
When exchanging for new tires, you should pay attention to the correct tires when buying (the information on the correct tire size can be found in the registration papers).
Since some tires have specified a certain direction of travel, one should pay attention to such a mark on the tire when fitting the wheels and assign them to the corresponding side. Now the new tire can be put on the wheel hub. The holes in the rim must match those in the wheel suspension.
Only then do you start to screw in the wheel nuts again. Here, too, it is advisable to gradually screw in the bolts using the cross method and hand-tighten with the wheel cross.
Then you lower the jack again and tighten the wheel nuts. It’s best to use a torque wrench because many drivers tighten the bolts too tight. Alloy rims, in particular, can be damaged quickly and endanger driving safety.
The information on the correct tightening torque for tightening the wheel bolts can be found in the vehicle's operating instructions or directly from the rim manufacturer. If you change your tires according to our instructions, you can't possibly go wrong.
Finally, it is necessary to check the tire pressure of the newly fitted tires and, if necessary, to add air. After a distance of around 50 kilometres, you should check the seat of the wheel bolts again, as they can come loose over time.
A brief overview of all the important steps for changing tires:
1. Engage first gear and apply the handbrake
2. Loosen the wheel nuts crosswise
3. Place the jack at the pick-up point and lift the vehicle 4. Unscrew the wheel bolt completely
5. Remove the tire
6. Clean the hub and apply the copper paste
7. Put on the new tire
8. Insert wheel bolts and over Tighten the cross-hand tight
9. Lower down the vehicle
10. Tighten the wheel bolt with a torque wrench
11. Check the tire pressure
It’s much easier than you thought right?